May 25, 2024

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Cyclone Pebarjoy makes landfall near the India-Pakistan border

One of the strongest tropical cyclones on record cruising through the northern Indian Ocean is pressing on the coasts of India and Pakistan.

Cyclone Biparjoy — which is equivalent to a Category 2 hurricane — reached its maximum intensity on Tuesday with peak winds of about 105 mph (90 knots) in the northeast Arabian Sea.

The storm is expected to make landfall near the border of India and Pakistan around noon Thursday local time, with Winds continued at 80 mph (70 knots), according to the Indian Meteorological Department. Biparjoy is expected to produce torrential rains, damaging winds and dangerous storms – or rising ocean waters over the normally dry land on the coast.

tornado Warnings apply For the coasts of Saurashtra and Kutch in the Indian state of Gujarat, which extends from near the Pakistan border to the Gulf of Khambhat, with storm warnings in effect for most of the same region.

Although Biparjoy grew to Category 2 equivalent strength on Tuesday, some of it is expected to weaken as it approaches land due to very hostile high-altitude winds that will disrupt storm regulation. When it crosses the coast, its maximum sustained winds are expected to drop to 90 mph (80 knots), or Category 1 equivalent strength.

Population density where Pebargoe is expected to make landfall relatively low Relative to much of the wider subcontinent in South Asia. But located near and just south of the mouth of the Indus River, much of the region is low-lying and prone to storm surges.

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energy infrastructure and Major port locations Common in the area, several major towns are located on and near Kutch Bay to the south of the expected storm’s landfall point, where a surge can cause significant flooding.

“Experts expect a tidal wave of 2-3 meters during the landfall of Pebargui,” books India team. And this “can be particularly disastrous for coastal settlements such as the low-lying areas of Kutch, Devbhumi Dwarka, Porbandar, Jamnagar and Morbi.”

Away from winds and surges, Pebargoy is likely to deliver heavy amounts of rain. The hurricane is moving at a slow forward speed, which will result in prolonged, heavy rainfall. The day after landfall, the storm should begin to gain momentum, but there is a risk of heavy rain, especially near the coast.

An area of ​​6 to 12 inches of rain is likely to follow the storm’s path along and south of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and then into the Greater Indian Desert. This will lead to a flood. Some landslides are also possible in any higher areas, especially as the remnants of the storm reach the foothills of the Himalayas.

Tropical cyclones are fairly uncommon in the northern Arabian Sea, and they usually weaken significantly before hitting land.

Biparjoy became One of only seven storms It has been recorded in the northern Indian Ocean to produce 20 or more accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) units, which is a measure of storm intensity and duration. It also produced the highest number of ACEs of any June storm in the region.

Typhoon Vayu In 2019 was the last storm to strike near Pebargui. It came ashore as a rather weak system from the intensity of a tropical depression causing some flooding throughout the area, after a peak of 1,115 mph over open water to the south. Vet in 2010 It cruised the northern Arabian Sea after hitting Oman, coming ashore south of Karachi as a tropical depression.

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in 2001, Unknown storm It took a somewhat similar course to Biparjoy, also weakening significantly as it made landfall. Known as the Gujarat cyclone, it peaked at the equivalent of a Category 4 hurricane, causing widespread damage from storm surge and waves across western India. Hundreds of hunters were reported lost in the storm.